Jean-Léon Gérôme, “Markos Botsaris”, Oil on Canvas, 1874
Jean-Léon Gérômea was a French painter and sculptor in the style now known as academicism. The range of his oeuvre included historical painting, Greek mythology, Orientalism, portraits, and other subjects, bringing the academic painting tradition to an artistic climax. He is considered one of the most important painters from this academic period.
This painting by Jean-Léon Gérôme depicts Markos Botsaris, a Greek hero of Greek War of Independence (1821-1832). Markos Botsaris led the Greek forces during the revolution against the Ottoman Empire and was a skillfull partisan leader in Western Greece. During the Battle of Karpenisi, on August 6, 1823, he was killed while scouting the Ottoman positions.