Edgar Ende

Edgar Ende, “Am Ufer” (On Shore), Oil on Canvas, Date Unknown

Edgar Karl Alfons Ende was a German surrealist painter and father of the children’s novelist Michael Emde.

Edgar Ende attended the Altona School of Arts and Crafts from 1916 to 1920.  In the 1930′s, Ende’s Surrealist paintings began to attract considerable critical attention, but were then condemned as degenerate by the German Nazi government. Beginning in 1936 the Nazis forbade him to continue to paint or exhibit his work. In 1940 he was conscripted into the Luftwaffe as an operator of anti-aircraft artillery.

The majority of his paintings were destroyed by a bomb raid on Munich in 1944, making his surviving pre-war work extremely rare. In 1951, Ende met the recognized founder of Surrealism, Andre Breton, who admired his work and declared him an official Surrealist. He continued to paint surrealist works until his death in 1965 of a myocardial infarction.

Ende’s paintings are thought to have had a significant influence on his son Michael’s writing. This is inferred in the scenes depicting the surreal dream-paintings from Yor’s Minroud in “Die Unendliche Geschichte (The Neverending Story)”, and is made explicit in Michael Ende’s book “Der Spiegel im Spiegel (The Mirror in the Mirror)”, a collection of short stories based on Edgar Ende’s surrealist works.

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